PARKINSON'S DISEASE NEWS
29th June 2014 - New research
COMPARISON OF L-DOPA, AGONISTS AND MAO INHIBITORS
Whether the initial treatment for Parkinson's disease should consist of L-dopa, dopamine agonists, or MAO B inhibitors is uncertain. So researchers aimed to establish which of these three classes of drug, as initial treatment, provided the most effective long-term control of symptoms and best quality of life for people with early Parkinson's Disease.
newly diagnosed with Parkinson's disease were randomly assigned between the
use of L-dopa, dopamine agonists and MAO B inhibitors. After three years
PDQ-39 mobility scores averaged 1·8 points better in people assigned to
L-dopa. PDQ-39 mobility scores were 1·4 points better in people assigned to
MAO B inhibitors when compared to those taking dopamine agonists. L-dopa was
not significantly advantageous for EQ-5D utility scores, dementia,
admissions to institutions, and death rates. Treatments were discontinued in
28% of those taking dopamine agonists, 23% of those taking MAOB inhibitors,
but only 2% of those taking L-dopa.
21st June 2014 - New research
CIRCADIAN RHYTHMS IN PARKINSONS' DISEASE
People with Parkinson's Disease have been found to have blunted circadian rhythms. Circadian rhythms are the alterations of endocrine functions that take place in a regulated manner over a roughly 24 hour period. The pineal gland produces melatonin, which is a hormone that regulates the circadian rhythms. For more information go to Circadian rhythms
differences and the range of secretion of melatonin from the pineal gland
were found to be lower in Parkinson's Disease than in people that do not
have Parkinson's Disease. Overall Parkinson's Disease symptoms and duration
of symptoms were not significantly related to the circadian rhythm. So it
was only daytime sleepiness and not Parkinson's Disease symptoms generally
that are affected by the blunted circadian rhythm that can occur in
Parkinson's Disease. Dopamine regulates melatonin
secretion. Therefore, the reduced dopamine that occurs in Parkinson's
Disease will lead to an altered circadian rhythm.
9th June 2014 - New research
FAHR'S SYNDROME IS A CAUSE OF PARKINSON'S DISEASE
Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons - Pakistan  24 (5) : S104-S106 (N.Dildar, H.Akram, I.M.Qasmi, M.N.Qureshi, S.Khan) Complete abstract
Fahr's Syndrome is a rare inherited neurological disorder that can present with a wide spectrum of symptoms, including those of Parkinson's Disease. It is characterised by abnormal deposits of calcium in areas of the brain that control movement, including the basal ganglia and the cerebral cortex. For more information go to Fahr's Syndrome
Symptoms of Fahr's Syndrome that are similar to those of Parkinson's Disease may include deterioration of motor function, dementia, dysarthria (poorly articulated speech), tremors, muscle rigidity, a mask-like facial appearance, shuffling gait, and a "pill-rolling" motion of the fingers. These symptoms generally occur later in the development of the disease.
More common symptoms of Fahr's Syndrome include dystonia (disordered muscle tone) and chorea (involuntary, rapid, jerky movements). The age of onset of Fahr's Syndrome is typically in the 40s or 50s, which is similar to Parkinson's Disease, although it can also occur at any time in childhood or adolescence.
Due to the possible similarity of symptoms to those of Parkinson's Disease, Fahr's Syndrome should be considered as an important differential diagnosis in cases of Parkinsonism. In order to refer to this article on its own click here