PARKINSON'S DISEASE NEWS
30th November 2016 - New research
FIRST ASSESSMENT OF THE ANTI-ALPHA-SYNUCLEIN PRX002 FOR PARKINSON'S DISEASE
Alpha-synuclein can accumulate under certain conditions, primarily in Parkinson's Disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, and multiple system atrophy, but also in Alzheimer's Disease and neuroaxonal dystrophies. Small amounts of alpha-synuclein can also occur in individuals who do not have neurological disorders.
PRX002 is an antibody that targets α-synuclein, which has been shown in preclinical animal studies to reduce α-synuclein pathology and to protect against cognitive and motor deteriorations and progressive neurodegeneration. This first-in-human, phase 1 clinical trial assessed the impact of PRX002 administered to healthy participants in 5 doses (either 0.3, 1, 3, 10, or 30 mg/kg) or a placebo. PRX002 demonstrated favorable safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic profiles at all doses tested, with no immunogenicity.
No serious adverse events, discontinuations as a result of adverse events, or dose-limiting toxicities were reported. A significant dose-dependent reduction in free serum α-synuclein was apparent within 1 hour after the administration of PRX002.
Reference : Movement Disorders  Nov 25 [Epub ahead of print] (D.B.Schenk, M.Koller, D.K.Ness, S.G.Griffith, M.Grundman, W.Zago, J.Soto, G.Atiee, S.Ostrowitzki, G.G.Kinney) Complete abstract In order to refer to this article on its own click here
17th November 2016 - New research
HEATWAVES INCREASE MORTALITY IN PARKINSON'S DISEASE
Parkinson's Disease is one of the factors associated with a higher risk of mortality during heat waves. The use of certain neuroleptic drugs to control some of the complications of Parkinson's Disease appears to be what relates Parkinson's Disease to an increase in heat-related mortality. There was a maximum daily temperature of 30°C at which Parkinson's Disease related hospital admissions were at a minimum. However, a temperature of 34°C coincides with a clear increase in the number of hospital admissions.
For people with Parkinson's Disease, for every increase of 1°C above the threshold temperature of 30°C the likelihood of an admission to hospital because of the heat increased.
Reference : Environmental International  89-90 : 1-6 (C.Linares, P.Martinez-Martin, C.Rodríguez-Blázquez, M.J.Forjaz, R.Carmona, J.Díaz) Complete abstract In order to refer to this article on its own click here
12th November 2016 - New research
PEPTOIDS AS A BIOMARKER FOR PARKINSON'S DISEASE
Costly methods of diagnosis such as the SPECT scan or the PET scan are used for the indication of Parkinson's Disease. However, in early Parkinson's Disease a far less costly and relatively non-invasive biomarker would be preferable.
Researchers identified a peptoid called PD2, which binds significantly higher levels of IgG3 antibody in those people with Parkinson's Disease. The PD2 peptoid was found to be 68% accurate in identifying Parkinson's Disease, which is less accurate than existing methods. However, PD2 was 84% accurate in identifying new cases of Parkinson's Disease. It is new cases of Parkinson's Disease that existing methods are not so accurate with. PD2 levels are also positively correlated with the United Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale score, which is the primary symptom questionnaire for Parkinson's Disease. So the researchers concluded that PD2 may be useful for the diagnosis of early Parkinson's Disease.
Reference : NPJ Parkinsons Disease  16012 Epub Jun 23 (U.Yazdani, S.Zaman, L.S.Hynan, L.S.Brown, R.B.Dewey, D.Karp, D.C.German) Complete abstract In order to refer to this article on its own click here
9th November 2016 - New research
CAFFEINE REDUCES PARKINSON'S DISEASE SYMPTOMS
Higher caffeine consumption has been associated with reduced risk of Parkinson's Disease. Besides coffee, caffeine also occurs to a lesser extent in tea, yerba mate, cola drinks, cocoa, and chocolate.
The present study assessed people who were newly diagnosed with Parkinson's Disease over the following four years. Higher caffeine consumption in people with Parkinson's Disease was associated with a lower rate of starting L-dopa treatment, down to 63% of normal. Each additional cup of espresso per day (50 mg of caffeine) was associated with a 5-point lower score on the UPDRS part III (motor symptoms), with a 50% reduction in L-dopa dosage, but was not associated with a lower score on the UPDRS part IV (therapy complications).
Reference : Parkinsonism and Related Disorders  32 : 116-119 (M.Moccia, R.Erro, M.Picillo, C.Vitale, K. Longo, M.Amboni, M.T.Pellecchia, P.Barone) Complete abstract In order to refer to this article on its own click here
8th November 2016 - News report
JANET RENO DIES WITH PARKINSON'S DISEASE
Janet Reno (1938-2016) has died with Parkinson's Disease. She was the first U.S. Attorney General to be a woman. She was nominated to be Attorney General by President Bill Clinton. Janet Reno was the U.S. Attorney General from 1993 until 2001 during the presidency of President Clinton. In 1995, while serving as Attorney General, she announced that she had Parkinson's Disease. In 2002, after ceasing to be the Attorney General, she failed to become the Governor of Florida and retired from public office. She eventually had Parkinson's Disease for over 20 years. She spent her final days at home surrounded by family and friends. She died aged 78 from the "complications" of Parkinson's Disease.
5th November 2016 - New research
PARKINSON'S DISEASE DOUBLES THE RISK OF SUICIDE
Parkinson's Disease has been found to double the risk of suicide. Those factors in people with Parkinson's Disease most associated with suicide are : being male, initial extremity of motor symptom onset, history of depression, delusion, any psychiatric disorder, and higher L-dopa dosage. Other Parkinson's Disease related variables such as Parkinson's Disease symptom score (UPDRS motor score) were not associated with suicide. Dopamine normally stimulates the mesocortical pathway in the brain, which is associated with emotional stimulation. Consequently, insufficient dopamine, which is what occurs in Parkinson's Disease, is associated with emotional depression.
Reference : Parkinsonism and Related Disorders  32 : 102-107 (T.Lee, H.B.Lee, M.H.Ahn, J.Kim, M.S.Kim, S.J.Chung, J.P.Hong) Complete abstract In order to refer to this article on its own click here
4th November 2016 - New research
ANTIOXIDANT VITAMINS AND THE RISK OF PARKINSON'S DISEASE
Oxidative stress is proposed to be one of the potential mechanisms leading to deterioration in Parkinson's Disease. However, previous studies investigating the association between antioxidant vitamins, such as vitamins C, E and A (carotenoids), and the risk of Parkinson's Disease have produced inconsistent results.
Over 1000 people with Parkinson's Disease were assessed concerning the effect of antioxidant vitamins on Parkinson's Disease. Dietary intakes of vitamin E and vitamin A (carotenoids) were not associated with the risk of Parkinson's Disease. However, dietary vitamin C intake was significantly associated with a reduced risk of Parkinson's Disease, down to 80%, but this was not long term. For vitamins E and C, intake from foods and supplements combined were also unrelated to Parkinson's Disease risk..
In Parkinson's Disease L-dopa is not formed properly. Superoxide anion can be formed when L-dopa is not formed properly. Superoxide anion is broken down by the enzymes superoxide dismutase and catalase, which require Vitamin C and Vitamin E. In previous studies the greatest effect of antioxidants was with the use of Vitamin C and Vitamin E, which were shown to slow down the progression of Parkinson's Disease.In Parkinson's Disease L-dopa is not formed properly. Superoxide anion can be formed when L-dopa is not formed properly. Superoxide anion is broken down by the enzymes superoxide dismutase and catalase, which require Vitamin C and Vitamin E. In previous studies the greatest effect of antioxidants was with the use of Vitamin C and Vitamin E, which were shown to slow down the progression of Parkinson's Disease.
Reference : Movement Disorders  Oct 27 [Epub ahead of print] (K.C.Hughes, X.Gao, I.Y.Kim, E.B.Rimm, M.Wang, M.G.Weisskopf, M.A.Schwarzschild, A.Ascherio) Complete abstract In order to refer to this article on its own click here